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  • Make the Church a safe place for children. Develop comprehensive programmes
  • Reform and renew institutions of the Church. Responsibility of local church
  • Not just a catholic problem, a human problem.
  • We must be the rod and support to combat abuse. 
  • Reform of the heart, true conversion.  Address our errors.
  • 60m children in 210,000 schools.  1,500 HE institutions with 6m students. 
  • What do we do in situation of risk?   Close our eyes? 
  • Enhance mechanisms of control – needed to create safe environments, but that isn’t the only solution as the human problem is complex.
  • Education can be an answer.  700 competences for children to come out of school and rule the world.  Will a list of competencies change the world? No.  Need another answer.
  • Time is greater than space – need for patience – tension between fullness and our limitations. 
  • Giving priority to space means keeping everything together in the present. 
  • Time means starting processes.  Time governs spaces.  
  • One seminar won’t change things – but starts things that will make change. 
  • Initiatives through education, and education itself is a process.   Added value of Catholic education – head, heart and hands.  Compassion and passion of education.


  • Screening
  • Ongoing formation and training
  • Education of communities in parishes and schools
  • Appropriate structures and resources
  • A national reporting system
  • Different cultures - understanding the problem in different contexts
  • Identifying good practice




  • Rights based approach.  Involve the children in what is happening.
  • School is where we can connect with children. 
  • Using statistics – but need to be coordinated and consistent; and thorough and disaggregated.  Prevention.  Using education.  Educating ourselves in a culture of respect.  Tools for effective sex education.
  • Legal framework.  Access to, getting and applying justice. Health services.  Follow-up services.
  • Integration – cross-agency working, political commitment, keep legislation up to date.  Mandatory reporting. 
  • Specialist services on sexual health, victims of sexual violence – four aspects of human sexuality – Model of child psychotherapy.
  • Marists developing Programme of integrated sexual education. 
  • Hope – commitment, increasing awareness, joint working
  • Concerns – cultural challenge, normalisation of violence, impunity.




  • Welcome, protect, support, help in healing
  • Sex abuse starts in the family, and people around the child.  Exploitation of children.  Trafficking of persons. 
  • Effective management of resources.    Clear process from prevention to prosecution.  Cross-agency working. 
  • IDIPRON has been working for over 50 years.  Working on the ground, understanding the people you’re working with.
  • 3SE – psychosocial, spirituality; sociolegal, education; health and work.  Work streams. 
  • Who doesn’t work, doesn’t exist or survive, so help to get work.
  • Recovering rights, integrity and diversity.
  • Accreditation, strategies, prevention, training.  Detecting risk.
  • Love – repairing the fabric of family.   Combatting naturalisation of the crime – it is a crime.  Identifying and tackling risk factors. 




  • Giving them and children the confidence to recognise the signs and deal with them.  Support to overcome their own suffering.
  • Awareness raising.  2010 – 2015 number of cases reported doubled.
  • Missing – no children’s rights ombudsman
  • Poor geographical coordination.
  • Gaps in treatment and support. 
  • Law unevenly applied.  Justice area with most problems.
  • Particular challenges of culture of educators educated themselves in difficult circumstances.  And those who were abused themselves.
  • Church needs to clarify its own thinking and particularly language on human sexuality.




  • Acknowledge victims in the room.  Hear the voice of the abused
  • Words are not enough – actions
  • The Church has not been true to what we are meant to be.
  • CSA has broken the heart of the Church.
  • Don’t let victims be drowned out by the might of the Church.
  • Experience the vulnerability of humility.




  • Identify and stop a paedophile before they offend?
  • We don’t know where the paedophiles are, but we know where the children are.  Network of safeguarding.
  • VIEPI – involuntary verbalisation evoke by images.
  • Dialogue – listening, VIEPI may elicit submerged cases, and we can act.



Panel and discussion

  • Training, educational profiling, tailored approach.  Training the trainers.
  • Education and support for children going through growth and maturing, and sometimes going through traumatic experience. 
  • Knowledge, wisdom, passion, listening, communicating.  What training is needed for what educators?  Rethink pedagogic courses.  Real professionalism.  Professional profile – innovators, not executives.  Skills, reflection, redefining the professional profile.  Sexual education as an instrument of prevention.
  • Theoretical and practical approaches. 
  • Psychology, ethics, prevention and re-education, law, psychology of the family, preventive psychology, pastoral work, counselling.  Psychopathology in spirituality and training. 
  • Emotional intelligence – envisaging activities which promote the recognition of self-regulation.  Specialists on the effects.  Implementation and application of skills.  New cooperative learning experiences.  Training of lay people who work with street children (Beijing).   Salesian observatory in Europe – collaborative working.  IUSTO – criminology, psychology research in field in prevention.  Crime lab.  Completely committed to protection of minors and training of adults working in this field.
  • Have already recognised need for psychological training for all those entering the religious life. 
  • Interdisciplinary approach – research in US to find motivations for joining seminaries. 
  • Psychodynamic approach – some elements within us are beyond our control. Need to get in touch with suppressed emotions to get on the path of healing.  What drives us. 
  • Relating psychology with academic aspects of training trainers – best trainers know themselves well, and have resources for the difficult times.   Support our students.  Vocational growth – two years. 
  • CCP founded to offer remote training internationally.  Safeguarding diploma.  People who can go on to promote and deliver safeguarding around the world.  Possible future Master’s degree.  Multidisciplinary.




  • Sometimes all this hits people all at once – need training. How to assimilate and teach – how to be responsible for all the people we need to train. 
  • All measures should be notified adequately – this is happening all over the world. It’s hard, and it’s frightening, and not everyone can deal with it - many feel shame.  Talk about a change in culture.  Guidelines not enough – put to one side, or we have a workshop – not a solution.  Sustainable solutions.
  • Fortunato di Noto27 years addressing issues like paedopornography.  Big taboo.  Started in a parish, and ever since raised international interest, and grew.   We agree – it’s a crime.  But…  Clarifying from the scientific point of view what paedophilia is, and that it’s a global problem. 
  • Italy first country where legislation developed, to define paedophilia as a new form of slavery.   International observatory of paedophilia.  Church is making a great contribution if it’s going to help us to network, break down isolation - let’s work together.
  • We need long term, sustainable educational processes so empirical work contributes to clarity and learning.  Paedophilia isn’t always experienced by people in the same way, and ministry has to deal with it in a particular way.  We need to network and get together.   Perhaps we can today begin to reconcile ourselves with the things we hear, which fill us with pain, and start working together to fight this, the worst way to damage a child. 
  • In this field, great need from the psychological point of view for more research.  Not enough to do it in one nation – need international synergies and collaboration, as the phenomenon manifests itself in different ways.  If we don’t do this, we won’t be able to fight it – it’s an octopus – when we speak, we deepen our fears, lack of trust.  Work together.
  • DSM5 defines a paedophilic order.
  • Police psychologistunderstand need not to shut our eyes, and check, and see signs and signals of things that would keep us awake at night if we missed them.  So we select police officers in a given way depending on what they want to do.  Training.  Checking the strength of the selection process. Knowing isn’t the thing, but knowing how to be, how to reason, relational skills and dynamics.  What more can you learn?
  • CEC were drafting something a while ago, with contribution from Italian State Police, on  use of psychological assessment in similar experiences and pathways.  Selection process needed to be accurate.  Dec 2016:  Ratio Fundamentalis published – guidelines on training for priests worldwide.  Emphasised the need to do whatever was necessary to select and screen candidates for priesthood and religious life.  “Not the quantity, but the quality.  Large numbers might not solve the problem”.  Pope Francis
  • Psychological basic training for trainers.